A proper Hydrant System ensures an adequate, uninterrupted water supply, under sufficient pressure, at all strategic points of a building/factory in such a way that the fire is attacked immediately, with minimum loss of time and with maximum efficiency. Automatic Fire Sprinklers are an essential element of Fire Protection as it is designed to both detect & extinguish fire. A properly designed and maintained automatic fire sprinkler system can significantly reduce property damage as well as protect lives.
High or medium velocity water spray system works on the three basic principles of ﬁre extinguishing — emulsiﬁcation, cooling, and smothering. This results in rapid suppression of ﬁre within seconds and is extremely useful in case of oil ﬁres.
The foam ﬂooding system functions on similar principles as above and is a special system of pipe connected to a source of foam concentrate and to water supply. The system uses appropriate discharge devices to control and extinguish fires which require smothering and cooling agent. It is designed to distribute a foam-water solution to a specific hazard area such as extraction plants, air craft hangers and areas where flammable liquid spill fires may occur.
Gaseous Fire Suppression or Clean agent suppression are terms used to describe gases used to extinguish fires. Typically, gaseous agents work in one of two ways; the first is to inert the atmosphere reducing oxygen levels to a level that will no longer sustain combustion, and the second is to react chemically with fire absorbing heat and causing the chain reaction of combustion to break down. Typical examples of system applications include telecommunication facilities, clean rooms, data processing centres, and control rooms amongst others.
Spot flooding system is similar to gas based fire suppression but is designed to detect and extinguish fire automatically for small or closed spaces such as inside closed cabinets and machinery housing. Fire Suppression here can be achieved with a variety of quenching agents like CO2, Foam, Dry Chemical Power, Clean agent gases etc.
Passive Fire Protection attempts to contain fires or slow its spread, through using fire-resistant walls, floors and doors. It includes compartmentalisation of the overall building and organizing it into smaller fire compartments, consisting of one or more rooms or floors thereby preventing and slowing the spread of fire from the place origin to other building spaces. Technologies such as fire doors, fire curtains and fire glass partitions are used in this system.